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'उदीरतामवर उत्‌ परास उन्‍मध्‍यमापितर सोम्‍यास: ।
असुं य ईयुरवृका ऋतज्ञाते नोऽवन्‍तु पितरो हवेषु ।।'

ऋग्‍वेदमंडल १०सूक्‍त १५, ऋचा १

"Let ancestors residing on Earth attain an evolved region and ancestors living on a higher plane of existence 'in heaven' never degrade. Let the ones who are at a medium plane of existence, attain a higher plane. Let the ancestors who symbolise the Truth protect us."

What Is Pind


Symbolically used for doing tarpan of the departed souls, Pind constitutes a round ball made of mixture of wheat and rice flour. It also contains some sesame seeds that are mixed along with some milk and honey. In all seven balls are made for doing the ritual offerings.


As a mandatory rite that is believed to bring salvation to departed souls, Pind Daan/Shradh, Shraadh is a must to do obligation of all Hindus or followers of Hindu religion. Further, it is also believed that no work can be successfully performed without blessings of ancestors and the doing of Pind Daan/Shradh, Shraadh invokes blessings of the dead ancestors and deceased parents by helping them come to peace.

Pind Daan

Pind Daan/ Shradh, Shraadh is a ritual that is performed by:


  • Hindus
  • Followers of Hinduism
  • All people who have belief in the traditions and practices followed in Hindu religion


Some people who were suffering from long have seen quick positive changes after following of this ritual including bringing more peace and prosperity among the living family of the departed persons.

From Preta To Petru


The soul that leaves the physical body is called Preta. On the 11th day after the doing of the shraddha (Shradh, Shraadh), the soul is raised to the status of Pitru or Ancestor. Pitrus are forefathers/ancestors who dwell in Pitruloka. There are three stages in ancestral life like father, grandfather and great grandfather, and mother, grandmother and great grandmother. Beyond them it is considered that either they have taken Rebirth or have attained Nirvana. 

Citing from Garud Puran


As per Garud Puran, Pind Daan/Shradh, Shraadh ritual helps the souls of the dead to cross over the Vaitarni River. Here, the relatives of the dead who do Gau Daan or donation of cows to Brahmins also helps the dead sprits as it is this cow that helps it to cross this dangerous river safely to the other side. 

Name of Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan Ritual

Naranyan Bali Shraddha (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Naag Bali Shraddha
 (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Kal Sarp Yog Pooja
Bharani Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Avidhawa Navami Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Trayodashi Pitrupaksha Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Chaturdashi Pitrupaksha Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Bhimashtami Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Nandi Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Karmanga Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Vruddhi Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Goshthi Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Shuddhi Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Pushti Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Ghruta Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Yatra Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan 
Dadhi Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Ashtaka Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Daivik Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Hiranya Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Hasta Shraddha  (Shradh, shraadh) /Pind Daan
Aatma Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan During Eclipse Time
Avidha Navami Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Ghata Chaturdashi Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Mahalaya Amavysya Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Sarvapitri Amavasya Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan
Tirtha Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)
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Rishi Kindam describes 3 types of debts

Rishi Kindam describes 3 types of debts in Mahabharat that need to be cleared before leaving this world. These include:


  • Dev Rin - Debt towards Lord Vishnu that can be cleared by doing Daan (donation)
  • Rishi Rin - Debt of Lord Shiva that is cleared by achieving knowledge and sharing
  • Pitra Rin - Debt of Lord Brahma that is cleared by children doing Pind Daan/Shradh, Shraadh for their ancestors


A person who is not clearing his three debs is considered as shying away from his duties towards Lord Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma.


It is believed that the Ghats of river Ganga are blessed with purification powers and since ages Hindus visit these ghats to perform Pind Daan to honour their parents or ancestors. This helps the soul of the departed family members to be free from the pains of Hell and clear their way to Heaven. 

The Question of When To Perform PindDaan/Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)

Normally every year Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan should be performed on date of death of the person (as per Hindu calendar). If date is not known and only month is known, then shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh) can be performed on no moon night of that month. In cases where both - the date and month are unknown, Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)/Pind Daan can be performed on no moon night of Hindu calendar month of Magh or Margashirsha.

Some Do's While Performing Pind Daan/ Shradh, Shraadh - 

  • Krishna Paksha is better than Shukla Paksha for Tarpan (offering of water) and Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh).
  • After Noon time is considered better than before Noon time period for doing Tarpan and Shraddha  (Shradh, Shraadh)
  • An invitation to a Brahmin must be made for offerings and food
  • Silver utensils are considered best for offering food as well as doing rituals of tarpan and Pind Daan

Naranyan Bali   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Naag Bali   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Kal Sarp Yog Pooja in India, Bharani   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Avidhawa Navami (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Trayodashi Pitrupaksha   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Chaturdashi Pitrupaksha   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Bhimashtami   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Nandi   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Karmanga   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Vruddhi   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Goshthi   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Shuddhi   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Pushti   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Ghruta   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Yatra   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Dadhi   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Ashtaka   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Daivik   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Hiranya   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Hasta   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Aatma   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India,   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan During Eclipse Time in India, Avidha Navami   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Ghata Chaturdashi   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Mahalaya Amavysya   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Sarvapitri Amavasya   (shradh, shraadh)/Pind Daan in India, Tirtha   (shradh, shraadh) in India